Whenever insurance is used, some information (such as your diagnosis) is available to the insurance company and, at times, to employers. Managed care companies often ask for detailed personal information about clients in order to make payment decisions. This judgmental review can undermine the sense of privacy necessary for effective psychotherapy. When clients pay for psychotherapy out of pocket, there is no loss of privacy to managed care companies, insurance companies or employers.
You want to choose your own therapist.Many insurance companies limit the choice of therapists. Some of these "preferred providers" offer good treatment, keep their clients' interests foremost, and try to keep treatment brief without sacrificing quality. At times, however, the insurance company asks preferred providers to divide their loyalty between the client and the insurance company. Many clients prefer to choose their psychotherapist personally and avoid seeing a therapist with a potential conflict of interest. Other clients may want to work with a therapist who was highly recommended but may not be on the company or preferred provider list.
You want to choose the type and length of treatment. Managed care programs often limit the choice of therapy. While some interfere very little with the consumer's choice of type or length of therapy, others make many of the important treatment decisions - the length of treatment, the type of therapy, the use of medication and referral to self-help groups instead of professional services. Some companies provide only ultra-brief therapy and referrals. Self-paying for therapy may be necessary in order to receive the type and length of treatment needed.
You don't want managed care employees making choices for you. When managed care is responsible for payment, they have the power to influence your treatment. A company employee evaluates your motivation, the severity of your problem, and your progress, and makes treatment recommendations. The managed care therapist must take the company's recommendations into consideration or risk losing a contract to work with the company altogether. Many clients prefer paying for their own treatment to eliminate this outside influence.
You don't want to be labeled "sick." Whenever insurance is used for psychotherapy, the treatment must be "medically necessary," which means that your therapist must give you a psychiatric diagnosis. When you pay directly, you may seek consultation from a mental health professional for any reason you choose. People use therapy for personal growth, for help coping with stressful life situations, and for marriage and family difficulties, as well as for chronic and serious psychological problems.
AMHA-Oregon is an alliance of independent psychotherapists who are concerned about the effects of managed care policies on the delivery of mental health services.
We offer consumer information about our concerns, information that is often not disclosed by insurance companies. We also explain self-payment alternatives to the managed care system, and why we believe these sometimes better serve consumers interest. We strongly believe that consumers have a right to all the information about their health care.
Informed consumers can make intelligent choices about the best therapist, the most appropriate therapy goals, and the type and duration of treatment.
We want consumers to know that affordable psychotherapy is available outside the managed care system. We believe that clients should have the right to choose their own therapist, have confidential therapy, and make decisions about their own therapy. We are deeply concerned about how managed care companies can threaten all of these rights.
While they may study or consult together AMHA-OR therapists are licensed individually and maintain independent practices. Each therapist sets his/her own fees and clinical policies.
No profits are made by AMHA-OR Metro or the AMHA-OR Metro Therapist's Directory. Payments by our members are used to educate the public, manage the organization and advertise the services of members. Although managed care companies usually do not disclose the terms of their financial arrangements with professionals, we believe that full disclosure of all financial arrangements is important.